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The leopard is one of the five extant species in the genus Panther, a member of the cat family. It occurs in a wide range in sub-Saharan Africa, in some parts of Western and Central Asia, Southern Russia, and on the Indian subcontinent to Southeast and East Asia. The leopard varies greatly in size and markings. The average size is 50 to 90 kg (110 to 200 pounds) in weight, 210 cm (84 inches), excluding the 90-cm tail, in length, and 60 to 70 cm in shoulder height. The leopard can, however, grow much larger. The ground color is typically yellowish above and white below. The leopard is a solitary animal of the bush and forest and is mainly nocturnal in habit, although it sometimes basks in the sun. It is an agile climber and frequently stores the remains of its kills in the branches of a tree. It feeds upon any animals it can overpower, from small rodents to water buck, but generally preys on the smaller and medium-sized antelopes and deer; it appears to have a special liking for dogs as food and, in Africa, for baboons. Furthermore, it sometimes takes livestock and may attack human beings.

Interesting fact

Far Eastern leopard changes the color intensity of fur. This phenomenon can be observed when the seasons change.

The leopard is the only feline that drags and eats its prey on a tree.

Leopards are able to adapt to almost any environment, from deserts to dense forests.

The leopard is a large carnivorous cat. It is related to lions, tigers and jaguars.

In addition to strong paws, leopards still have a fairly strong neck. This allows them to grab and drag the victim, which is almost twice as big and heavier than themselves.