Alpaca has a pointed head, this feature allows it to reach the grass that grows between the rocks in the mountains. Alpacas have a long (up to 38 cm) coat, it is soft, hypoallergenic. Alpaca wool is used to make traditional for Peru national warm and soft blankets, plaids, clothes and accessories. Alpaca wool is stronger than sheep wool. They live in South America.
Herbivorous alpacas eat a variety of plant foods. There are no special advantages, so the food is grass, young shoots of shrubs, tree leaves and many other types of vegetation.
In nature, alpacas live 15-20 years. Zoos live up to 25 years. Alpacas are herd animals that feel safe only in the company of their relatives. A herd of alpacas consists of several family groups. The herd is headed by the largest alpha male, followed in the hierarchy by several females close to the leader, and then the young.
At one time, alpacas were badly affected by the Spanish conquistadors. Conquering the Inca Empire, they ruthlessly destroyed not only the Indian temples, which were for them the personification of paganism, but also thoughtlessly destroyed the llamas and alpacas. The population of these animals was greatly reduced, so they were on the verge of extinction. Fortunately, alpacas survived in hard-to-reach mountainous areas, where white “civilizers” could not reach.
Alpaca breeding has been an important activity of Peruvian and Bolivian peasants for centuries.
Alpaca wool is made of, including high-quality children’s clothes.